Skole is a small town in the West of Ukraine. Very important, strategic transport communications pass through Skole: the E50 (M06) (Kiev-Chop) and E471 (Mukachevo-Lviv) motorways, the Kiev-Chop railway, the southern branch of the Druzhba oil pipeline. In ancient times, the famous trade Salt route “to the Ugrians” passed through Skole, from Volyn and Galicia to Transcarpathia and Pannonia.
After the Templars created their state in the state in Eastern Europe, they made the Skole region their western gate. In those days, the modern Kiev-Chop highway was an important trade route and a continuation of the Salt trade route “to the Ugrians”. The Templars built a castle to guard this trade route on the territory of what is now Skole. The first castle was made of wood, such were often built in those days in Eastern Europe. All or almost all of the following owners have repeatedly rebuilt and completed the castle. Now this castle is known as “Gredliv Palace”. Actually, “Gredliv Palace” is already a 19th century building on the site of the former Templar castle.
The area where “Gredliv Palace” is located is called Demnya. This name is of French origin, which indicates its first owners – the Templars, who came from France. The French word “meneur” means leader. The French “De meneur” means “the place owned by the leader” or “the place where the leader is”. Many years later, the locals began to pronounce the name “De meneur” as Demnia.
Hence the name “domain” (fr. Domaine) – area; unit of structure. In the Middle Ages, the Domain is the possession of the king or the possession of some feudal lord. In this case, Demnya in Skola is the Domain, the Domain of the Templars.
The presence of the Templars in this area in ancient times is indicated by the names of settlements that are of French origin, for example, Libochora. There are two villages near this trade route with the same name: Libochora in the Skole region and Libochora in the Turka region. The name Libochor comes from the French word “le brigand”, meaning “robber”. The Templars gave these names to these areas because of the robbers who were hiding there. The robbers attacked the trade route, and the Templars built a castle in Skola to protect trade route from them. To imagine what kind the robbers of that time had, you need to watch the film “Morozko” (1964). Over time, in the places that were the lair of robbers, villages arose, which were named Libochora (Rogue).
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