The Knights Templar was active in Galicia.
Templars in Skole
Skole is a small town in the West of Ukraine. Very important, strategic transport communications pass through Skole: the E50 (M06) (Kiev-Chop) and E471 (Mukachevo-Lviv) motorways, the Kiev-Chop railway, the southern branch of the Druzhba oil pipeline. In ancient times, the famous trade Salt route “to the Ugrians” passed through Skole, from Volyn and Galicia to Transcarpathia and Pannonia.
After the Templars created their state in the state in Eastern Europe, they made the Skole region their western gate. In those days, the modern Kiev-Chop highway was an important trade route and a continuation of the Salt trade route “to the Ugrians”. The Templars built a castle to guard this trade route on the territory of what is now Skole. The first castle was made of wood, such were often built in those days in Eastern Europe. All or almost all of the following owners have repeatedly rebuilt and completed the castle. Now this castle is known as “Gredliv Palace”. Actually, “Gredliv Palace” is already a 19th century building on the site of the former Templar castle.
The area where “Gredliv Palace” is located is called Demnya. This name is of French origin, which indicates its first owners – the Templars, who came from France. The French word “meneur” means leader. The French “De meneur” means “the place owned by the leader” or “the place where the leader is”. Many years later, the locals began to pronounce the name “De meneur” as Demnia.
Hence the name “domain” (fr. Domaine) – area; unit of structure. In the Middle Ages, the Domain is the possession of the king or the possession of some feudal lord. In this case, Demnya in Skola is the Domain, the Domain of the Templars.
The presence of the Templars in this area in ancient times is indicated by the names of settlements that are of French origin, for example, Libochora. There are two villages near this trade route with the same name: Libochora in the Skole region and Libochora in the Turka region. The name Libochor comes from the French word “le brigand”, meaning “robber”. The Templars gave these names to these areas because of the robbers who were hiding there. The robbers attacked the trade route, and the Templars built a castle in Skola to protect trade route from them. To imagine what kind the robbers of that time had, you need to watch the film “Morozko” (1964). Over time, in the places that were the lair of robbers, villages arose, which were named Libochora (Rogue).
Navariya is a village in Pustomity district of Lvov region of Ukraine. In the second half of the 16th – early 18th century, Navariya was a small town in the Russian Voivodeship. Researchers suggest that the first coat of arms of Navaria (a castle wall with a gate and 3 towers) arose at the end of the 16th century.
The name “Navariya” comes from the name of the medieval kingdom of Navarre. This small kingdom was located on the border of Spain and France, and included lands on both sides of the Pyrenees near the Atlantic Ocean – the modern province of Navarre in Spain and the Atlantic Pyrenees in modern France.
The Templars who founded the city of Navariya in Galicia came from the Kingdom of Navarre.
The petroglyph in the Tustan fortress bears a resemblance to the Coat of arms of Navarre.
This petroglyph also confirms that the Knights Templar was active in Galicia.
Tustan is a medieval rock fortress and customs of the 9th-16th centuries, the remains of which are located in the Ukrainian Carpathians, in the Skole district of the Lvov region. This unique historical monument is located among the forest area of the Podgorodtsovsky forestry and is part of the State Historical and Cultural Reserve “Tustan”.
The rocky defense complex Tustan existed during the time of Ancient Rus. During the time of the Templars, this fortress became their important stronghold. The Templars gave the fortress their name, which still exists today. The name “Tustan” comes from the English “two stones”. Tustan is really two big stones.
The Templars who lived in the Tustan fortress came from England and Navarre.
“Stand here!” – a festival of medieval culture that has been taking place near the Tustan fortress for many years. “Stand here!” – this is an erroneous interpretation of the name Tustan. Knight tournaments, dances, singing and other events that remind of the Middle Ages take place here.
The Templars also operated in the city of Kosov, Ivano-Frankovsk region. There were underground vaults in which the knights stored goods for trade.
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